Play is an important activity practiced by the individual, as it contributes a vital role in the formation of the personality of the child in all its dimensions and features, and is an important educational intermediary that works on his education and growth and satisfies his needs, and reveals before him the dimensions of social and interactive relations between people. Playing in general is an essential entry point for the child's development from the mental, physical, social, ethical, emotional, ethical and linguistic aspects, as well as helping to discover the relationships between them, develop thinking, and rid the individual of his negative emotions and stress.
Thus, educational games, if well planned, organized and supervised, play an active role in organizing learning, and educational studies have demonstrated the great value of playing in acquiring knowledge and skills to achieve it if it is best exploited and organized.
- Game plays Concept:
Play is a targeted activity carried out by children to develop their behaviour, mental, physical and emotional abilities while achieving pleasure and entertainment and enabling children to acquire knowledge, bring the principles of science closer to children and expand their cognitive horizons.
- The importance of educational games in daycare:
- Games stimulate mental abilities and improve children's creative talent.
- Form mutual communication between children within the class.
- Games bridge individual differences between children and organize learning according to their abilities.
- Improving children's creative talent.
- Help the child learn and explore the world in which he lives.
- Develop the different cognitive aspects of the child.
- Developing the social and emotional aspects of the child.
- Rid children of their different psychological tensions and solve their problems.
- Developing expressive capacity in children.
- Helping the child to develop a balanced body.
- Develop creative and innovative thinking in children.
- Discover children's feelings, attitudes, values and perceptions.
- The child acquires many abilities from basic mental skills to problem solving.
- Educational games work to positive learners by participating in the learning process
- Enhance the child's self-confidence by interacting with his activities during the game
- Daycare gaming goals:
There are many educational objectives for the games, including:
3.1. Physical goals:
Improving children's physical and psychological health
Training the senses
3.2. Cognitive goals:
Development of mental processes
Exploration and innovation
Developing thinking and imagination
Developing the ability to remember
3.3. Social Goals:
Communicating with others
Providing live positions
Learn the laws and regulations of society, and the child respects them and abides by them.
3.4. Emotional Goals:
Motivation and acceptance of failure.
Expressing oneself and meeting desires and needs.
Personal formation and elimination of suppression.
A fun entertainment activity in which children's cognitive, emotional, psychological and motor abilities are developed according to an organized plan.
3.5. Skilled Goals:
Speed, accuracy and mastery.
The skill of problem solving and surveying.
The skill of connecting the perceived to the mere.
- The role of the teacher in the employment of educational games within the daycare:
- Conduct a study of the games available in daycare.
- Arrange groups and determine roles for each child.
- Provide timely assistance and intervention.
- Assess the effectiveness of play in achieving the goals planned.
- Choose targeted educational games specific and at the same time enjoyable.
- The rules of the game chosen by the teacher should be clear, easy and uncomplicated on children.
- The game should be suitable for children's inclinations and interests.
- The teacher should give the child his role and be clear in the game.
- Types of educational games in daycare:
There are many educational games in the daycare, including:
5.1. Cultural/Educational Games:
Activities and methods through which children acquire information, knowledge, experiences and skills, including reading, guided programs and puppet theatre.
5.2. Cognitive/Pedagogical Games:
This game play) such as memory games, senses ... (Develops the child's personality and self-confidence and develops the linguistic, social and creative aspect.
5.3. Expressive Artistic Games:
Artistic expressive activities stem from conscience, aesthetic taste and artistic sensation, where the child engages in various artistic activities such as painting, colouring and singing... Here the child expresses his feelings freely and creatively, and one of the benefits of this type of play is the development of aesthetic taste and muscle development... Etc.
5.4. Guided Play:
Chosen by the teacher and determines the place, time, tools and subject of play, the goal is to give the child concepts of certain skills and knowledge.
5.5. Social Games:
It is the collective play that children share with each other and these games have specific laws and regulations and the child has to abide by them while playing, and this type works to build social relationships and strengthen the element of dialogue... etc.
5.6. Competitive Games:
These games depend on challenge and competition such as matches and competitions within the class and its benefits include building social relationships and obeying the laws.
5.7. Recreational and Sports Games:
It has a value in introducing pleasure and pleasure through which the child learns harmony with others And how to cooperate in different activities, here the child learns motor skills, motor balance, stimulating mental performance and building personality.... etc.
5.8. Structural Compositional Games:
These games are a platform that helps the child gain multiple developments in imagination, perception, remembering and creativity. Etc.
The benefits of these games are to encourage creativity, remember and develop linguistic wealth.
To encourage thinking and learning basic concepts.