Proper nutrition is an important and durable factor that ensures growth processes, body development, a condition for maintaining health at any age.
Factors that determine nutrition compliance with healthy lifestyles and food hygiene in a regulatory form are:
- Food composition:
In our daycares, a lot of attention is paid to properly preparing from the menu and strict adherence to cooking rules.
The list is prepared and compliance with cooking rules is monitored and in accordance with the pre-school education regulation, the Government constantly monitors the proper nutrition of children. Its responsibilities include monitoring the quality of food delivered, storing them properly, complying with natural food standards when developing menu layouts, cooking quality and children's physiological needs in basic foodstuffs. The older sister of daycare also monitors the health status of the food piece, takes into account personal hygiene, brings children to food and feeds children in groups.
For effective nutrition, the daycare has a map of dishes that indicate layout, calorie content of dishes, protein and carbohydrate content. Consequently, the necessary content is achieved in the full list of children's products and compliance with the chemical composition of the diet in accordance with current standards.
- Quality and quantity:
Good nutrition conditions for pre-school children and diet are the exact condition in providing the right food. In preschool it is necessary to recommend four meals a day with intervals between separate meals 3.5-4 hours. The correct diet also provides for the appropriate distribution of food consumed during the day. In the first half of the day the baby's diet is recommended to include foods rich in protein and fat, for dinner easy-to-digest foods should be given vegetables, fruits, dairy products, curd, and fish dishes.
The basis is compliance with recommended food groups. They include key groups of products that meet the physiological needs of preschoolers in basic foods and provide them with the necessary calories.
- The relationship between home food and daycare meals:
Children should be provided with the right dishes and sit comfortably at the table. Children's nutrition and proper nutrition of the child should be combined in the family. It is necessary to strive that home-cooked meals complement the diet of daycare. For this purpose, parents should be informed of the products and dishes the child receives during the day. After having conversations with parents about nutrition, it is important to warn them that before a child leaves for daycare, he or she is not fed, so violating this diet, leads to a decrease in appetite. But if the baby is brought too early, you can give it tea, juice or some fruit.
- Adapting children in daycare:
Children's transition from home to education in the children's community is almost always associated with some psychological difficulties. The younger the child, the harder it will be for him to adapt to the team. Often at this time it is a sleep disorder, deteriorating appetite, and reduced overall body resistance to diseases. Proper nutrition during this period helps accelerate the adjustment of the child in the team.
- Health requirements for the food piece:
The most important condition for proper regulation of child nutrition is strict adherence to the health requirements of the food mass and the process of cooking and storing food must be clearly defined and strictly adhered to by hygiene rules, standards and health regulations.
Healthy, healthy and rational nutrition of the child is a guarantee of natural growth, physical and psychological neuro-growth, a long and happy life, and an effective educational and educational process. Deteriorating nutrition quality leads to weakening of the immune system, deterioration of the body's protective response, and the development of allergies. Therefore, in the work of any daycare, restaurants must be constantly under control.
In daycare, meals should be organized and be different in the composition of dishes, including a full range of beneficial elements, as well as vitamins and minerals. Products that provide the greatest energy (meat and fish products) should be provided in the first half of Today, instead of dishes of vegetables and dairy products. Salads, milk soup, boiled vegetables and a great kitchen for dinner. Second dishes are allowed to be prepared from by-products, such as bread and boiled tongue. Dairy products should be served for a snack with desserts. When developing recipes, the menu requires that the child consumes a daily allowance of milk, butter, bread and meat daily. For reliable storage of vegetables use food blocks, which traditionally consist of a vegetable shop and store. The diet is different respectively for the two age groups: 1.5 to 3 years and 4 to 6 years. The range of dishes for all children does not change due to age, and differences consist in the calorie content and size of dishes: for children under 3 years of age daily calories are 1400 calories, and for children more than 3-1800 calories. Meanwhile, 75% of the food a child must get in daycare, and 25% at home. When making the list for young children you should take into account its features, such as sensitivity to individual ingredients.
A balanced diet is achieved by using and rotating a variety of ingredients.
Incorporate essential nutrients, vitamins and minerals into the diet.
The energy value of eating children corresponds to the daily calories of the child.
Dishes should be enjoyable to taste and do not cause a negative reaction.
The nurse should carefully monitor the health status of the food mass and be present while putting the ingredients in the oven.