The new Corona virus affects people all over the world, and teams of doctors around the world work very hard to protect all peoples from this virus.
We asked our experts what facts can help answer the fundamental questions on the minds of parents of sick children. Below you will find information about this virus, what is being done to prevent its spread, and how you can protect yourself from the threat of infection.
What are corona viruses?
Corona viruses are a large group of viruses that can infect animals and humans alike, as they cause respiratory diseases, whether they are mild such as the common cold or severe such as pneumonia.
Animal coronaviruses rarely infect humans and then spread among them. And you may remember SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome), which spread between 2002-2003, and which is an example of a coronavirus that was transmitted from animals to humans.
Another prominent modern Coronavirus called (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) appeared in the Middle East in 2012, and scientists say that it initially passed from a camel to a human.
How does the Coronavirus spread?
The virus is spread between people usually through direct contact with an infected person. The virus can also be spread by touching an infected surface and then the mouth, nose, or eyes, although this is not believed to be the primary method of transmission of the virus.
How can it help people prevent the spread of disease?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends following good personal hygiene practices, including washing hands frequently, drinking fluids frequently, covering your nose and mouth with a tissue or your elbow when coughing, and staying home if you feel sick.
In addition, even when you are not ill, we recommend that you stay home unless you need to go out in a need, practice spatial distancing (staying at least six feet away from others) and wear a mask that covers your nose and mouth.
What are the symptoms of the emerging coronavirus disease (Covid-19)?
Symptoms of the emerging coronavirus include:
- Fever or chills
- a headache.
- Cough, sore throat, nasal congestion, or runny nose.
- New loss of sense of taste or smell.
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.
- Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
- Fatigue, muscle, or body aches.
Can Covid-19 disease be treated?
There is no vaccine for this virus; Since it is a virus, antibiotics will not work for it. Without any specific treatment available, health care providers generally treat symptoms and help the patient feel more comfortable.
Do hospitals examine patients and visitors?
Doctors and assistants adhere to all recent instructions issued by the Public Health Administration in all their dealings with patients in an attempt to stop the spread of this emerging virus.
All hospital staff and visitors coming to them are examined to identify the presence of symptoms of the disease.
Anyone who does not pass the oral examination will be tested to detect their infection with the virus. In addition, all patients in hospitals are examined to detect whether they are infected with the virus upon entering the hospital stay. This includes testing patients with upcoming procedures.
What are the signs that people should seek medical attention?
If you or your child starts to have a high temperature, cough, or trouble breathing, seek medical attention right away.
If you suspect you have Covid-19 disease, contact your doctor or emergency department before your visit so that the facility can ensure that no one else has been exposed to the virus, if you are actually infected with it.
Should I wear a mask on my baby?
No, this should not be done. The recommendation issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention across Canada to wear a cloth face-covering whenever a person goes out into public places comes with one exception - children under the age of two years.
The main reason, infectious disease doctors explain, is the possibility that the mask may cause breathing difficulties for young children.
In addition, the inability of children to express distress or remove the mask on their own can put them at risk of suffocation.
5 ways to prevent coronavirus
1- The necessity of washing hands continuously with soap and water for a period of 20 seconds, with an emphasis on washing each finger separately and pickling water between the fingers, and this is the most important factor in preventing the transmission of infection, especially after touching any surface.
2- Be careful when using alcohol of 60% or more, in the absence of soap and water, and wash hands with it in the same previous way until it is completely dry from the generation to prevent infection with the Coronavirus.
3- You should avoid closing the water tap by hand after washing it, because that transmits the infection again, and it is preferable to use a tissue when closing, and also avoid touching the mouth, nose or eyes with the hand before disinfecting it.
4- The need to eat well-cooked food at home to ensure its safety and free of any viruses, and drink enough fluids because it helps your immune system to be better, along with eating fruits and vegetables rich in zinc and vitamin C and exposure to the sun to create an adequate amount of vitamin D, or taking it as a medicine.
5- Ensure that the mouth and nose are covered with a tissue or at the elbow during sneezing and coughing, and avoid using the palm of the hand because it transmits the Coronavirus upon contact.
Coronavirus protection tips
1- Dealing with everything outside your home as a source of infection, and keep a distance of at least two meters with others in your surroundings, and you must also treat your hands as a weapon for the enemy, which is the virus, and you must first stop shaking hands, and not touch your face, or touch your eyes Or your mouth.
2- When going shopping in stores, avoid touching different surfaces, but if you want to go with a shopping cart, you must sterilize its handle well, and try or keep sterilizers that you can use, and do not assume that you will find sterile wipes at the entrance to the store.
3 - Avoid dealing with paper and metal money, and try to pay through different payment cards or for cellular money transfers, but remember to sterilize your hands after using the electronic payment device in the store, especially if it is required to enter a password or electronic signature.
4- Try to eat fresh food or food that can be washed before cooking, preferably even washing vegetables before storing them in the refrigerator, and if you like canned food, make sure to clean it from the outside well.